Dr. Ibrahim and Baha’i Faith

Dr. Ibrahim George Khayru’llah was born on November 11, 1849 in Syria. His father died while he was still a child. His mother undertook his education, placing him first in the primary schools, and then sending him to college in Beirut, and thence to the American University College, where, in 1870 he obtained the degree of Bachelor of Science. He was one of the five students who were the first fruits of this celebrated college.

In 1872 he left Syria and migrated to Egypt for a period of about 21 years. There he came in contact with the late Haji Abdu’l-Karim Efendi of Tehran, one of the followers of Baha’ullah , after initial investigation, Dr Khayr’ullah accepted the Baha’i Faith. Baha’ullah revealed verses in honour of Dr. Khayr’ullah.

In 1898 Khayr’ullah visited Akka along with sixteen persons including his wife and two daughters. He stayed in ‘Akka and Haifa for more than six months. ‘Abbas Effendi welcomed him and conferred upon him the titles of “BAHA’S PETER”, “SECOND COLUMBUS”, and “CONQUEROR OF AMERICA!

During his stay in Akka, he began to read the Holy Verses, and started comparing them with the claims of Abbas Effendi, his acts and teachings. He found them totally in contrast to the writings of His Holiness Baha’ullah. Therefore he found no escape from abandoning Abbas Effendi and thereafter turning towards His Holiness, the Most Great Branch (al-Ghusnul-Akbar) Muhammad Ali Effendi in obedience to the command contained in the Book of the Testament.

Ibrahim Khayru’llah joined the ranks of His Holiness Muhammad Ali Effendi, and about three hundred of the believers in Chicago and Kenosha followed him. and likewise a small number from every city wherein believers were to be found.

Regarding Dr. Ibrahim Khayr’ullah, the noted British historian Edward Browne, says,

“I (Edward Browne) was unable to fix exactly the date when lbrahim Khayru’llah definitively broke with ‘Abbas Effendi and adhered to the faction of Muhammad Ali, but it was probably soon after his return from ‘Akka, for which he set out from America in June 1898, and certainly before November, 1900, when he was reproached and threatened for his apostasy by Hajji Mirza Hasan of Khurasan, as described in the following remarkable statement which is initialed by Ibrahim Khayru’llah and was forwarded to me (Edward Browne) by him, together with other documents in a. letter written from Chicago on February 26, 1901

“I came here especially to bring you back to your allegiance to ‘Abbas Efendi and am prepared to stay ten years if necessary. If you return to ‘Abbas Efendi, I will cause the American believers to follow you as head in ever thing even better than heretofore. If you will not listen to me and become a follower of ‘Abbas, your abode will be in the bowels of the earth. I come here because of pity to you, and to save you. If you will not listen, your life will be short. If Abbas Efendi should give me the word to cut you to pieces, or to tear your eyes out, or to kill you, I will do so at once. I fear not the consequences to myself. You know that I am from Khurasan and that the sword of Khurasan is so powerful that if a blow is struck with it, it will cut from above the stars to the depth of the earth and will cut even the fishes of the sea.’

“He then repeated to me the fate of Mirza Yahya of Jedda, and offered me a copy of the pamphlet published by himself entitled ‘the Great Miracle of ‘Abbas Efendi.’ The above is the substance of what he said to me on Friday November 30, 1900. 

“On Saturday, December 1st, 1900, Mirza Hasan-I-Khurasani again called in the company of Mirza Asadu’llah and their interpreter Mirza Husayn [Ruhi]. We all discussed the difference of faith for about eight hours in the presence of my son-in-law Amir Hani Shihab and his wife Mrs. Shihab (my daughter), also my daughter Labiba and my son George Khayru’llah M.D.

During this discussion Mirza Hasan-i-Khurasani mentioned to those present that the day before, while talking to me alone, he had plainly told me the consequences of not acceding to their wishes. Upon this I repeated to all present the threatening words he had uttered the day before and he acknowledged before all that he had said the words above reported by me.

“I.J.K.”

The reason why Khayr’ullah left Abbas Effendi and joined Mohammed Ali Effendi.

(1) Abbas Efendi’s claim to Divinity.

First, Abbas Efendi’s claim to Divinity, peculiar to God. He also claimed to be The Supreme Limit of Manifestation, which none claimed save only His Holiness Bahaullah. So like wise he claims to be the Centre of the Covenant, which is God alone. And [he advanced] other pretensions which it is unnecessary to mention.

(2) His teachings inconsistent with those of Baha’ullah.

Secondly, that Abbas Efendi’s teachings were at variance with the teachings of His Holiness Baha’ullah in all respects, and were contrary to reason.

(3) His duplicity

Thirdly, that the conduct of Abbas Efendi and his daily actions were like those of a double-faced man, which is forbidden in the Scriptures.

(4) Dissension and discord produced by his actions

Baha’ullah the Book of His Testament, commanded Bahais to practice to abandon hate and prejudices and practice courtesy, love. And spirituality.Abdul Baha made mockry of these glorious aims for his private ends and personal ambitions, laid the foundations of hatred, rancour, discord and diversity amongst the followers of Bahaullah to an extent that he produced separation and discord between brother and sister, husband and wife and father and son. We seek refuge in God the Preserver, the Almighty, from Whom help is invoked!

The Collected Works of Dr. Khayr’ullah

1-Kheiralla, Ibrahim George. Bab-ed-Din, The Door of True Religion: 1, Za-ti-et Al-lah, 2, El Fi-da: Revelation from the East: Rational Argument. Chicago: Charles H. Kerr and Company, 1897 [copyright 1896]. Reprinted. East Lansing, MI: H-Bahai, 2004.

2———-, assisted by Howard MacNutt. Beha’u’llah. (The Glory of God), Vol. I and II. Chicago: I.G. Kheiralla, 1900 (Copyright 1899). Reprinted. East Lansing, MI: H-Bahai, 2004.

3———-. An Epistle of Peace. Chicago: National Association of the Universal Religion, 1918. Reprinted. East Lansing, MI: H-Bahai, 2004.

4———-. Facts for Behaists. Chicago: Ibrahim George Kheiralla, 1901. Reprinted. East Lansing, MI: H-Bahai, 2005.

5———-. O Christians! Why do you believe not in Christ? Chicago: Goodspeed Press, 1917. Reprinted. East Lansing, MI: H-Bahai, 2007.

6———-. Proof of the Existence and Immortality of the Soul from a Scientific and Logical Standpoint: The Mind, As Taught by the Society of Behaists. Newark, N.J.: W. E. Dreyer, 1943. Includes preface from 1928 edition. Reprinted. East Lansing, MI: H-Bahai, 2008.


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